Sumatra Coffee

Sumatra Coffee

Sumatra coffee, as the name suggests is a type of coffee that originates from Sumatra, an island in Indonesia. It is known for its unique and distinct flavor profile, making it one of the most sought after types of coffee in the world.

The history of Sumatra coffee can be traced back to the late 17th century when the Dutch brought Arabica coffee plants from Yemen and planted them in the highlands of Sumatra. Over time, the coffee industry in Sumatra has grown significantly and today, it is one of the largest producers of coffee in Indonesia.

Flavor Profile

Sumatra coffee is known for its rich, full-bodied flavor with low acidity levels. It is often described as earthy and bold with hints of chocolate, spice, and sometimes a smoky aroma. This unique flavor profile is due to the processing method used for Sumatra coffee known as wet-hulling or "Giling Basah" in Indonesian.

During this process, the coffee beans are hulled while they still have a high moisture content which results in a distinct flavor and appearance compared to other types of coffee. Additionally, the volcanic soil of Sumatra also contributes to the unique taste of Sumatra coffee.

Popular Varieties

There are two main varieties of Sumatra coffee - Mandheling and Lintong. Mandheling coffee is named after the Mandailing people who grow and produce it in North Sumatra. It is known for its heavy body, low acidity levels, and distinct earthy and herbal notes. Lintong coffee, on the other hand, comes from the Lake Toba region in central Sumatra. It is slightly lighter in body compared to Mandheling and has a sweeter taste with hints of fruitiness.

Brewing Method

To truly enjoy the flavors of Sumatra coffee, it is recommended to brew it using the pour-over method. This allows the coffee to fully bloom and release its aromas and flavors. French press is another popular brewing method for Sumatra coffee, as it allows for a fuller bodied cup.


Sumatra is home to many smallholder coffee farmers who rely on coffee production as their main source of income. In recent years, there have been efforts to promote sustainable and fair trade practices in the coffee industry in Sumatra. Many farmers are now using organic farming methods, which not only benefit the environment but also produce higher quality coffee.

Final Thoughts

Sumatra coffee is a true gem for coffee lovers looking for a unique flavor experience. Its distinct taste and rich history make it a must-try for any coffee enthusiast. So next time you're looking for a new type of coffee to try, consider reaching for a bag of Sumatra coffee and experience the flavors of Indonesia. So why not add it to your list of must-try coffees and experience the flavors of Indonesia? Happy brewing!


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